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Women at certain age, normally around 45-60, depends on the internal and external circumstances, when menstrual periods stop or when a woman experiences symptoms associated with the end of menstruation.
This failure is because the number of ovarian follicles (eggs) within the ovary decreases with age and thus less of the hormones, oestrogen and progesterone our oestrogen levels fall.
Therefore, when the hormone levels decrease, the endometrium failing to grow and that is when we start to feel menopausal symptoms.
The symptoms of menopause can vary from mild to severer depends on the lifestyle and personal circumstances. Some women may suffer from serious profound symptoms which interfere both their daily life and work.
Here are the common symptoms of menopause.
The most common symptom experienced is hot flushes. Hot flash symptoms vary among women. Commonly, a hot flash is a feeling of warmth that spreads over the body. Flushed (reddened) skin, palpitations (feeling a strong heartbeat), sweating, nausea and dizziness often accompany hot flashes. Hot flashes usually last 2 to 3 years, but many women can experience them for up to 5 years or longer. This may occur both during the day and at night and they can cause insomnia, or sleeplessness.
A three year study of healthy women nearing menopause found an average gain of five pounds during the three years. Hormonal changes and aging are both possible factors in this weight gain.
Unfortunately, weight gain may occur despite no change in diet, with an increase around the abdomen and the upper thighs. The breast shape may alter as breast size decreases.
Due to the hormones level changes, some women experience mood swings, decreasing ability to cope with normal life stresses, forgetfulness, and a lessening of self esteem. As these changes occur, tiredness and lethargy may reduce a woman’s capacity to carry out normal life routines and she may become depressed. These symptoms are made worse by physical symptoms such as hot flushes.
Vaginal changes: Because estrogen affects the vaginal lining which cause vagina becomes dry. At the same time the urethra (the passage through which urine is discharged from the bladder) may also become atrophic (thinning of the cells). This may lead Urinary incontinence and burning on urination
Rapid bone loss is common during the premenopausal years. Bone loss can cause osteoporosis, and the condition that increases the risk of bone fractures. These fractures can be serious and can interfere with daily life. They also can increase the risk of death.
Doctors suggest, for women suffer from mild to intermedia level of menopause symptons, the common solutions can be done through lifestyle changes such as increasing exercises, change diet and Hormone replacement therapy (HRT). HRT can alleviate menopausal symptoms but also protects against osteoporosis (thin bones), lowers cholesterol and reduces the risk of some cancers.
Evening primrose oil capsules and vitamin E are sometimes recommended to reduce hot flushes as an initial treatment. If your symptoms are severer enough to interfere your daily life, consult your doctors for more advices.